少林寺 (Shàolín Sī), The Shaolin Temple, is the most famous Buddhist temple in China, known as the home of Kung Fu (which in modern Mandarin is in fact gōngfu!).
Located in Kaīfēng, Hénán Province since 495, it is part temple, part martial arts school for unruly kids. It is known as the location where Bodhidharma (bearded buddhist) stared at a wall for 9 years and became enlightened.
In recent years, under the leadership of its business-savvy abbot, Shĭ Yóngxìn, they have heavily ramped up tourism and modernization, using extensive international outreach and web-skills (monks have smartphones these days). It may be touristy, but the monks are serious: One-finger handstand, glass-piercing needle-throwing and iron-bar-breaking-with-forehead are some of the most famous disciplines there.
Many works of fiction have revolved around the temple, most famous of which is “The Shaolin Temple”, starring martial arts superstar Jet Li.
Fast as lightning / Little bit frightening. Shaolin Temple Website