溥仪 (Pŭyí) was the last Emperor of China. In 1908, two and a half years old, Pŭyí was given the throne: The last two emperors had died without leaving heirs, and so Pŭyí, who was the grandson of the emperor before them, was chosen to rule the Qīng Dynasty.
It became the last dynasty. In 1911, the Nationalist revolution forced Pŭyí off the throne, turning China into a republic, while allowing the child emperor to live the rest of his life in quiet dignity, as a regular citizen with a life stipend. This was until he was reinstalled by the invading Japanese, as a puppet ruler of Northern China in 1932.
After World War II, he was held hostage by the Soviets, who had helped take Northern China back from Japan. After Máo came into power, Pŭyí returned to China, married a nurse, and became a literary editor for the government. He had no children.
Rehabilitated - for a while. Wikimedia Commons