屠呦呦 (Tú Yōuyōu), discoverer of today's most common anti-malarial medicine, was the first female Chinese scientist to win the Nobel Prize. She has saved millions of lives.
She was awarded the prize in 2015 because of her work to extract artemisinin, in English named after Artemis, the Greek goddess of hunters and virgins.
While her husband was sent to the countryside to learn from the peasants during the cultural revolution, Tú Yōuyōu and her research team were commissioned by Chairman Máo to find a cure for malaria, which was wreaking havoc in Southern China.
They browsed ancient medical books and interviewed traditional Chinese doctors and were eventually able to extract artemisinin from plants.
Tú Yōuyōu has no PhD degree, no research experience abroad, and isn’t a member of a recognized academic institution. This previously caused her recognition issues, but now it just makes her work even more impressive.
Science Superhero. Medlive.cn and Hexun.com