朱元璋 (Zhū Yuánzhāng), the Hóngwŭ Emperor, was the founder of the Míng Dynasty (1368-1644). His improbable rise from poor farmer to Son of Heaven is legendary.
After famine killed Zhū Yuánzhāng’s family, he joined the “Red Turban” insurgent group, which was fighting to take China back from the Mongols, who were struggling to keep floods, plague, and warlordism in check.
A skilled commander, he won control of the rebels in a massive naval battle, subdued the warlords, and finally marched on Bĕijīng and drove the last Khan back to the steppes.
Historians have called him both ruthless and visionary. He had anyone who opposed him killed, but his land reforms and flood control measures created a 300-year dynasty and restored the Hàn Chinese to power after one hundred years of repression.
He famously wasn’t exactly a looker, so today’s picture is a nice walkway from his beautiful mausoleum in Nánjīng.
The famous Ming tombs by Beijing weren't quite done in time. Baidu Baike